is by chance that Mr. Anand Panyarachun, unlike other politicians, came twice
into power. The first time was on February 23, 1991, when the National Peace Keeping
Council (NPKC), taking advantage of his being well received both by the Thai people
and the international community, invited him to take over the responsibility of
Prime Minister. General Suchinda Kraprayoon, then commanding the NPKC, had just
seized power through a coup d'état, ousting General Chatichai Choonhavan
government arguing on its infamous 'buffet cabinet' reputation.
on an assertive administration and political transparency, his cabinet accomplished
important tasks, e.g. the cancellation of the unfair 2 million Telephone Organization
of Thailand contract, a new tax structure; as well as reduction of the income
tax. In addition, the impact on the country of a large number of important activities
in areas such as the environment, government reforms, foreign affairs was well
known and impressed all Thais. His method of "transparent administration" became
an important concept which is still referred to.
the March 1992 general election, five major elected political parties supported
General Suchinda Kraprayoon to become Prime Minister. The general public got offended,
feeling that the NPKC had finally been able to grab power. Several hundred thousand
people gathered to protest, a brutal attempt to stop them led to injuries, death
and the disappearance of several hundred people. General Suchinda Kraprayoon was
consequently forced to resign.
the conflict and provide a solution to the leadership crisis, Mr. Anand Panyarachun,
on the recommendation of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, was once
again appointed as Prime Minister by a Royal decree.
Prime Minister relieved the military leaders who played a role in the fatal crisis
of May 1992 from their powerful commanding positions. This unanticipated decision
brought a satisfactory resolution to the concerns of democratic supporters.
During Mr. Anand Panyarachun's second tenure as
Prime Minister, the nation recovered in less than three months from the decline
caused by the recent critical crisis and conflict, in time for the next general